Sump pumps are essential for basement water management, as waterproofing requires adequate insulation and sealing. A sump pump plays a very potent role in basement waterproofing. The sump pump moves water from the tank and collects groundwater effectively, draining the basement floors. The sump pump removes moisture from the basement and ensures groundwater remains away from your basement. It activates whenever it senses water in the basement and starts its process drains out the water from the basement, and it works with electricity.
Sump Pump in Waterproofing
Sump pumps are essential for basement waterproofing as they prevent water from seeping into the basement, floorings, interior and exterior flooring, and foundations. Small amounts of water leakages can easily damage the basement structure as well. Sump pumps easily maintain water drainage as the water accumulates in the basement through rain, flooding, and leakage. Different types of sump pumps are available for this process.
Sump pumps also protect the foundation of the building structure due to water seepage. Foundation walls might get cracked and filled with water. Sump pumps are very efficient for this as well. Moisture levels are also maintained with the help of sump pumps, which keep the basement dry and make interior and exterior flooring in good shape. Sump pumps also give battery backup support during a power outage.
Regular testing and maintenance of the sump pumps are also essential to make them in good shape so that they will be ready to perform their task at any time. Basement waterproofing will only be effective with sump pumps, as pumps protect all the building structures and the basement.
Wet Basements and Sump pumps
The basement is the lower part of the building as it is the most susceptible to water leakage and flooding. A sump pump often protects against water leakages or damages. These days mostly, around sixty to seventy per cent of residential and commercial structures have wet basements, so they prefer to install sump pumps, as pumps are usually fitted in the sump pit area of the basement according to their sizes, as it’s connected with the groundwater system, sump pumps are used to drain out the water from the cellars.
History Behind Sump Pumps
The mechanism of the sump pump was first invented in the nineteenth century by “James Lansing”. This invention aimed to remove water from the mines and factories generally. Those pumps used steam power to reduce the water from the specified areas. Those pumps were also huge and expensive for residential uses, requiring a lot of space to be implemented in desired locations. Later on, electric pumps were also invented by “Andrew Shane” they were small in shape and affordable for ordinary people. Slowly these sump pumps have become essential tools for residential and commercial structures. They are instrumental in old and newly built homes as well. Earlier, these pumps were generally used to squeeze out the water from the home foundation areas. Nowadays, these pumps are very helpful in draining water from the basement and floors. These days sump pump technology is one of the advanced technologies as they run with the help of batteries and a backup power system.
Mechanism of Sump Pumps
Specially designed sump chambers are installed in the lower part of the buildings, called the basement, and submersible sump pumps or other sump pumps are installed there totally depending on the space of the chambers. These sump pumps drain out the water with the help of internal pipes. Every residential/ commercial building must have these sump pumps installed to prevent and safeguard their basement and floorings from water. Alarms feature can also be installed with sump pumps to detect the water flow within the chamber. Nine-volt alarm batteries can also be programmed automatically or manually installed to connect to the sump pumps. As dual pumps are also available, they reduce the risk of flooding compared to ordinary sump pumps. Secondary pumps will work efficiently if primary pumps fail to operate. Sump pumps offer less maintenance cost as well.
At construction sites, sump pumps are handy as many contractors used to install sump pumps in construction buildings too. A pump is a mechanism that detects water level and pressure to ensure that the level does not rise too high. These pumps use switches to detect water levels in the basin. The switch gets activated with the rinsing of water and signals the discharge pipes to discharge water away from the range of residential and commercial; foundation pumps can be powered with the help of electricity, battery, or water, and sump pumps also contain backup pumps.
Places where sump pumps can be used
A sump pump must be drained out in the dry well or open areas of fields. These areas must be away from the foundation of the building so that the water won’t harm the building structure. Pumps protect buildings from heavy rain and rising water flows in the foundation or basements. Sump pumps have become a necessary part of newly built or old constructions. A sump pump is that sort of device that removes water from the lower part of our building structure, as installations of sump pumps are very necessary for every residential and commercial property, as sump pumps fit into the sump pit to drain out the water. Sump pumps are the heartbeat of the basement, as they pump out all sorts of water, which comes through walls, foundation, interior or exterior walls, and flooring.
A sump pump installation is also a critical part of basement waterproofing. You must verify the sump pit space and wash out all the dust and debris collected in that installation area. Then can select a sump pump that comes in different varieties. Generally, submersible and backup pumps are very high in demand.
Sump pumps are part of the basement waterproofing. It supports the waterproofing membrane and properly drains the floor.
Different types of sump pumps
Submersible Sump Pumps
A submersible pump contains a pump and motor in one unit. It gets submerged inside the basement basin and often takes up less space. The submersible pumps are the most usable as they are very potent and leakage free. One of the most potent features of a submersible pump is its high-power motor which pumps out a thousand gallons of water per hour.
Water-Powered Sump Pumps
Water-powered sump pumps are called backup hydraulic pumps. They operate with the pressure of the water supply, as they are connected to the main water supply of the building structure. They are quite effective because of their durability, reliability, and cost-effectiveness. They depend on the water supply flow and work well in the case of other sump pump power failures and dead battery sump pump situations.
Pedestal Sump Pump
Pedestal sump pumps are also called upright pumps, as the exterior motor is connected to the casting of the pump. Pedestal pumps drain out the water in very small diameters as they have a stainless-steel body, giving the pump strength. These pumps are very noisy as the motor sits above the water. These pumps give the best performance, as these pumps are more affordable than submersible sump pumps. These pumps require more efficient space in the sump pit, as they all have low pumping capacity.
Battery Backup Sump Pumps
Battery backup sump pumps work on batteries connected with electricity, and vice-versa in the absence of electricity, battery backup pumps work on charged batteries, as they are easy to install. These pumps work as secondary pumps. Battery backup pumps are successful in large and small areas as well. Battery sump pumps are directly connected to the municipal supply water tap from where they will start working, as battery backup sump pumps work for some time, again requiring electricity for charging. These are well suited in those building structures where two sump pumps are being installed. In the case of a power outage, these pumps will work directly to soak and drain out the water from the basement of the buildings.
Effluent pumps are generally large, and these pumps are used in greywater systems of residential and commercial areas, as generally, they remove wastewater from washrooms, sinks, laundry sinks, and showers. These pumps are very durable.
Combination Sump Pump
Combination sump pumps are more reliable than other pumps and more effective than others. These pumps are called dual sump pumps, as their single unit can be connected with electricity and battery simultaneously, as the primary sump pump, which is connected with electricity, drains out the water from the sump pit. The secondary sump pump connected with the battery confirms power supply not to get affected due to the power outage. Contractors mostly use these pumps while repairing or building all building constructions.